Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease with inflammation. It is also known as periodontal disease. It is the inflammation of the gingiva as a response to bacterial plaque on adjacent teeth, characterized by erythema, edema, and fibrous enlargement of the gingiva without resorption of the underlying alveolar bone.

Bacteria and the toxins they produce cause the gums to become infected, swollen, and tender. If the plaque and tartar remain in the teeth, the gum will be more irritated and inflamed, leading to bleeding of gums and smoking. Injury of any form to gums, vigorous brushing or flossing can also cause gingivitis.

Prevention

Good oral hygiene is the best prevention against gingivitis because it removes the plaque that causes the disorder. The teeth should be brushed at least twice daily and flossed gently at least once per day. For people prone to gingivitis, brushing and flossing may be recommended after every meal and at bedtime.

You can find a periodontal disease treatment in Baton Rouge for instructions on proper brushing and flossing techniques. Antiplaque or anti-tartar kinds of toothpaste or mouth rinses may be recommended by the dentist. Regular professional tooth cleaning is important to remove plaque that may develop even with careful brushing and flossing. Many dentists recommend having the teeth cleaned at least every six months.

Risk Factor

There are several risk factors when you have gingivitis. The risk factor is something that increases the possibility of developing a disease. Risk factors include the weakened immune system, hormonal change, diabetes, viral and fungal infections, and substance abuse, malnutrition, mental stress, and poor oral hygiene.

Many people develop gingivitis during puberty or early adulthood due to hormonal changes. They may frequently recur, depending on the health of your teeth and gums. There are several risks in developing gingivitis. One is a general illness; another is poor dental hygiene, pregnancy due to hormonal changes, uncontrolled diabetes, misaligned teeth, and some medications and pills.

Healthy gums should be firm and pinkish, and it should not bleed when you brush your teeth. Healthy gums keep our teeth intact into place securely. Symptoms of periodontitis include intense pain, intense bleeding, more swelling, halitosis or bad breath, unpleasant taste in the mouth, loss of teeth, and abscesses.

There are several ways of treating gingivitis. The goal of the treatment is to reduce inflammation. Treatment includes comprehensive cleaning of the teeth, antiseptic mouth rinse, and antibiotics, flossing of teeth, brushing of teeth, and fixing dental problems. Untreated gingivitis can lead to loose teeth, recurring abscesses, receding gums, periodontal members can be damaged, and heart disease and stroke.