Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease with inflammation. It is also known as periodontal disease. It is the inflammation of the gingiva as a response to bacterial plaque on adjacent teeth, characterized by erythema, edema, and fibrous enlargement of the gingiva without resorption of the underlying alveolar bone.
Bacteria and the toxins they produce cause the gums to become infected, swollen, and tender. If the plaque and tartar remain in the teeth, the gum will be more irritated and inflamed, leading to bleeding of gums and smoking. Injury of any form to gums, vigorous brushing or flossing can … Read More