Female Sterilization | HHS.gov

Quick Information

Efficiency in Avoiding Being pregnant

  • Out of 100 women of all ages who have a sterilization technique each and every calendar year, a lot less than one may possibly become expecting.

What is woman sterilization?

Woman sterilization permanently helps prevent women of all ages from turning into expecting. There are two different strategies to attain this target: tubal ligation and tubal implants. They the two perform by blocking the fallopian tubes (tubes that direct from a woman’s ovaries into the uterus or womb) so that sperm simply cannot satisfy with and fertilize an egg.

Since these solutions simply cannot be undone, they are only proposed for women of all ages who are positive that they do not want to have any little ones in the foreseeable future.

Tubal ligation: In this procedure—also recognised as “having your tubes tied”—the fallopian tubes are minimize, sealed, clipped, or tied. With this strategy, very little cuts (identified as incisions) are made in the abdomen or tummy. Tubal ligation helps prevent pregnancy promptly.

Tubal implant: A very tiny spring-like coil is positioned into each and every fallopian tube. The coils result in scar tissue to kind in the tubes, blocking the tubes. This strategy does not involve cuts or incisions. In its place, a healthcare supplier works by using a skinny tube to thread the tiny coils through the vagina and uterus into the fallopian tubes, exactly where the coils will remain.

With tubal implant, it may possibly choose up to a few months for the scar tissue to completely block the tubes. So, it is essential to use a back-up style of beginning regulate (these types of as the beginning regulate shot, beginning regulate supplements, the beginning regulate ring, the beginning regulate patch, or a condom) right up until your healthcare supplier claims it is no extended required. Soon after a few months, your healthcare supplier will do a confirmation test (an x-ray) to check that the coils are in the accurate position and the scar tissue is blocking the fallopian tubes.

How helpful is it?

Out of 100 women of all ages who have a sterilization technique each and every calendar year, a lot less than one may possibly become expecting. Sterilization strategies are far better at protecting against pregnancy than condoms, the pill, the patch, the ring, or the shot.

How do I get it?

Woman sterilization is a comparatively very simple outpatient surgery accomplished in a well being centre, doctor’s office environment, or hospital. It can be carried out under nearby or common anesthesia, relying on the strategy used to conduct sterilization. You will go property the exact working day.

Some family members scheduling facilities offer you sterilization strategies on web-site, but all family members scheduling facilities can refer you for the technique.

Strengths of Woman Sterilization

  • Woman sterilization is a safe and very helpful approach to protecting against pregnancy.
  • It lasts a life time, so you do not have to have to fear about beginning regulate at any time again.
  • Recovery is rapid.
  • There are ordinarily no substantial prolonged-expression side outcomes.
  • It is non-public. It is your option if your partner is familiar with about it.

Drawbacks of Woman Sterilization

  • Woman sterilization does not safeguard from sexually transmitted conditions (STDs), which includes HIV. Often use a condom to reduce the chance of STDs.
  • There is some chance of an infection, soreness, or bleeding.
  • In the scenario of tubal ligation, very rarely, the fallopian tubes can increase back alongside one another. When this happens, there is a chance for pregnancy—in some conditions, this sales opportunities to a pregnancy exterior of the uterus (identified as an ectopic pregnancy), which is a lifetime-threatening condition.
  • Some women of all ages afterwards desire they could have a boy or girl or further little ones, and may possibly regret their choice to sterilize.
  • With tubal implant, if you have a nickel allergy, an autoimmune ailment, or a pelvic an infection, you may possibly be at a better chance of continual soreness in your pelvis with the versatile coils that ended up positioned into the fallopian tubes.

Did You Know? (Sterilization)

Material designed by Business of Populace Affairs
Material final reviewed on April nine, 2019