How to stop the spread of COVID-19: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia


COVID-19 is an ailment induced by an infection with the SARS-CoV-two virus. COVID-19 most usually spreads concerning persons in close get hold of (about 6 toes or one.eight meters). When anyone with the ailment coughs, sneezes, sings, talks, or breathes, droplets carrying the virus spray into the air. You can capture the ailment if you breathe in these droplets.

In some occasions, COVID-19 may spread by way of the air and infect persons who are additional than 6 toes absent. Tiny droplets and particles can continue being in the air for minutes to hrs. This is identified as airborne transmission, and it can take place in enclosed spaces with inadequate ventilation. On the other hand, it is additional typical for COVID-19 to spread by way of close get hold of.

A lot less generally, the ailment can spread if you touch a surface area with the virus on it, and then touch your eyes, nose, mouth, or experience. But this is not assumed to be the principal way the virus spreads.

The possibility of spreading COVID-19 is greater when you interact closely with many others who are not in your house for for a longer time periods of time.

You can spread COVID-19 ahead of you present symptoms. Some persons with the ailment by no means have symptoms, but can however spread the sickness. On the other hand, there are means to secure oneself and many others from getting COVID-19:

  • Constantly don a experience mask or experience address when you will be about other persons. This assists decrease the spread of the virus by way of the air.
  • Stay at the very least 6 toes (one.eight meters) aside from other persons who are not in your house, even if you are carrying a mask.
  • Wash your palms quite a few instances a day with cleaning soap and jogging h2o for at the very least 20 seconds. Do this ahead of consuming or preparing meals, soon after working with the bathroom, and soon after coughing, sneezing, or blowing your nose. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer (at the very least sixty% alcohol) if cleaning soap and h2o are not accessible.
  • Go over your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve (not your palms) when coughing or sneezing. Droplets that are released when a individual sneezes or coughs are infectious. Throw absent the tissue soon after use.
  • Stay clear of touching your experience, eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed palms.
  • Do not share individual merchandise these as cups, consuming utensils, towels, or bedding. Wash everything you have used in cleaning soap and h2o.
  • Clean up all “significant-touch” regions in the residence, these as doorknobs, lavatory and kitchen area fixtures, bathrooms, phones, tablets, counters, and other surfaces. Use a house cleaning spray and comply with directions for use.
  • Know the symptoms of COVID-19. If you acquire any symptoms, contact your wellbeing care provider.


To aid reduce the spread of COVID-19 in the group, you need to follow social distancing, also identified as bodily distancing. This applies to persons of all ages, like younger persons, young people, and children. Though any one can get ill, not everyone has the same possibility of significant ailment from COVID-19. Older persons and persons with current wellbeing situations these as coronary heart sickness, diabetes, weight problems, cancer, or lung sickness have a greater possibility of establishing intense ailment.

Anyone can aid sluggish the spread of COVID-19 and aid secure those people who are most susceptible. These tips can aid you and many others remain harmless:

  • Check the community wellbeing division web-site for information on COVID-19 in your place and comply with area suggestions.
  • Whenever you go out of the house, normally don a experience mask and follow social distancing.
  • Maintain journeys outdoors your residence for necessities only. Use shipping companies or curbside select up when feasible.
  • Every time feasible, if you want to use community transportation or rideshares, prevent touching surfaces, remain 6 toes from many others, enhance circulation by opening windows (if you can), and clean your palms or use hand sanitizer soon after your trip finishes.
  • Stay clear of improperly ventilated indoor spaces. If you want to be within with many others not in the same house, open up windows to aid provide in out of doors air. Shelling out time outside or in properly-ventilated spaces can aid decrease your exposure to respiratory droplets.

Though you should continue being bodily aside from many others, you don’t have to be socially isolated if you pick out safer routines.

  • Get to out to friends and loved ones through cellphone or video clip chats. Timetable virtual social visits generally. Performing so can aid remind you that we are all in this jointly, and you are not by yourself.
  • Visit with friends or loved ones in little groups outdoors. Be absolutely sure to remain at the very least 6 toes aside at all instances, and don a mask if you want to be closer than 6 toes even for a short time or if you want to go indoors. Arrange tables and chairs to allow for social distancing.
  • When greeting just one a further, don’t hug, shake palms, or even bump elbows as this delivers you in close get hold of.
  • If sharing meals, have just one individual do all the serving, or have individual serving utensils for every guest. Or have guests provide their have meals and beverages.
  • It is however most secure to prevent crowded community spots and mass gatherings, these as shopping centers, movie theaters, dining establishments, bars, live performance halls, conferences, and sports activities stadiums. If feasible, it is also safer to prevent community transportation.


If you have COVID-19 or have symptoms of it, you should isolate oneself at residence and prevent get hold of with other persons, both of those within and outdoors your residence, to prevent spreading the ailment. This is identified as residence isolation (also recognised as “self-quarantine”).

  • As much as feasible, remain in a precise area and absent from many others in your residence. Use a individual lavatory if you can. Do not go away your residence besides to get healthcare care.
  • Do not journey though ill. Do not use community transportation or taxis.
  • Maintain monitor of your symptoms. You may receive directions on how to test and report your symptoms.
  • Use a experience mask or fabric experience address when you see your wellbeing care provider and anytime other persons are in the same area with you. If you can’t don a mask, for case in point, thanks to respiratory difficulties, persons in your residence need to don a mask if they want to be in the same area with you.
  • Though rare, there have been instances of persons spreading COVID-19 to animals. For this motive, if you have COVID-19, it can be greatest to prevent get hold of with animals or other animals.
  • Follow the same cleanliness procedures everyone need to comply with: address coughs and sneezes, clean your palms, don’t touch your experience, don’t share individual merchandise, and cleanse significant-touch regions in the residence.

You need to continue being at residence, prevent get hold of with persons, and comply with the steering of your provider and area wellbeing division about when to end residence isolation.

For the most up-to-day information and information about COVID-19, you can go to the following sites:

Centers for Disease Control and Avoidance web-site. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) –

Earth Well being Firm web-site. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic –