Low FODMAP diet: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

FODMAP stands for fermentable oligo-saccharides, disaccharides, mono-saccharides, and polyols. These are types of small chain carbohydrates–sugars, starches, and fiber–located in a wide variety of food items that are poorly absorbed in the modest intestine and absorb water and ferment in the colon.

The pursuing types of carbohydrates are FODMAPS:

Fructans – located in garlic, onions, and wheat

Fructose – located in fruits, honey, and significant fructose corn syrup

Galactans – located in beans and legumes

Lactose – located in dairy

Polyols – located in fruits with pits, this sort of as apples, avocados, or cherries and in sugar alcohols

Most people today can try to eat significant-FODMAP food items devoid of any trouble. In point, lots of of these food items can persuade great germs to expand in the intestines. Having said that, people today with IBS might have a tendency to be a lot more sensitive to food items significant in FODMAPs.

FODMAPS are not simply absorbed in the modest intestine. They shift by slowly, and just take on water. In the bowel, germs promptly ferment the FODMAPs, producing gas. The surplus gas and water can bring about bloating, agony, and diarrhea in people today with IBS. The small-FODMAP eating plan can enable recognize which food items set off your IBS indications. Avoiding these food items might enable you manage your problem.