Spinal injury: First aid – Mayo Clinic

If you suspect a back again or neck (spinal) injury, do not shift the influenced particular person. Everlasting paralysis and other really serious problems can outcome. Assume a particular person has a spinal injury if:

  • You can find evidence of a head injury with an ongoing modify in the person’s level of consciousness
  • The particular person complains of critical soreness in his or her neck or back again
  • An injury has exerted substantial pressure on the back again or head
  • The particular person complains of weakness, numbness, or paralysis or lacks control of his or her limbs, bladder or bowels
  • The neck or system is twisted or positioned oddly

If you suspect anyone has a spinal injury:

  • Get aid. Phone 911 or unexpected emergency professional medical aid.
  • Keep the particular person even now. Spot hefty towels or rolled sheets on both sides of the neck or keep the head and neck to avoid movement.
  • Keep away from relocating the head or neck. Provide as substantially initially aid as probable without the need of relocating the person’s head or neck. If the particular person shows no signs of circulation (breathing, coughing or movement), begin CPR, but do not tilt the head back again to open up the airway. Use your fingers to carefully grasp the jaw and carry it ahead. If the particular person has no pulse, begin chest compressions.
  • Keep helmet on. If the particular person is carrying a helmet, you should not take away it. A soccer helmet facemask should really be taken off if you have to have to access the airway.
  • Don’t roll by itself. If you need to roll the particular person due to the fact he or she is vomiting, choking on blood or due to the fact you have to make guaranteed the particular person is even now breathing, you have to have at least a person other particular person. With a person of you at the head and one more together the aspect of the injured particular person, perform alongside one another to keep the person’s head, neck and back again aligned although rolling the particular person on to a person aspect.

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