What Are The Most Effective Birth Control Options?

How to choose the best Birth Control | Birth Control Options from carafem

Being pregnant is the most beautiful feeling in the world. Getting pregnant is a personal choice. Currently, most couples choose not to get pregnant, owing to their career goals and busy schedules. 

Birth control is an effective way of not getting pregnant while enjoying a healthy sexual life. best East Village family medicine physician offers comprehensive birth control options. Whether you want to try birth control pills or want to learn more about an IUD, read on!

What are the most effective birth control options available?

There are several effective birth control options that you can choose in order to avoid pregnancy. These options include:

  • Oral birth control pills
  • Diaphragms
  • Birth control shots
  • IUDs (intrauterine devices)

Your doctor will evaluate your medical history and conduct a physical exam to assess your general health. A safe and appropriate birth control option will be suggested according to your general health, age, and family planning choices. 

What is an IUD? How does it work?

The intrauterine device is a type of birth control that is inserted into your uterus. IUDs are common types of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). This keeps the sperm from reaching the egg for fertilization. 

There are two types of IUDs available:

  • Copper IUDs
    • Cause an inflammation in the uterus lining, creating a toxic environment for the sperm
    • You can prevent pregnancy for up to 10 years
  • Hormonal IUDs
    • These thin out the uterus lining, which makes it difficult for the sperm to travel
    • These IUDs also thicken the cervical mucus, which prevents ovulation
    • You can prevent pregnancy for up to 3 to 5 years

However, IUDs cannot protect you from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). You would still need a condom to prevent spreading or contracting diseases. 

What are birth control pills? Are they safe?

Birth control pills are oral contraceptives that contain synthetic forms of estrogen and progesterone. They inhibit ovulation and prevent pregnancy. They also help in regulating heavy or irregular periods.

However, women over the age of 35 who smoke should avoid these pills since there is an increased risk of blood clots and stroke. 

What are the benefits of birth control injections?

Birth control injections are shots that contain the hormone progestin, which prevents pregnancy by inhibiting the release of mature eggs from your ovaries. The Depo-Provera shot is an effective birth control injection that should be taken once every 3 months. 

These are convenient forms of birth control since you do not have to remember to take a pill each day. 


Family planning is a personal choice made among couples to avoid pregnancy. There are several birth control methods available, which should be discussed with a qualified healthcare professional to avoid any unwanted side effects or complications. 

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