Why am I dizzy? 10 causes

Like any other bodily function, your balance is a multi-faceted aspect of your system. Many elements of the body work in coordination to keep you balanced, from your eyes, brain, inner ear, to your peripheral nerves. Owing to the malfunctioning of any component of that system, this can induce dizziness.

It could be suggestive of something serious; especially if it causes you to fall, hence you must immediately visit the Best ENT Specialist in Karachi.

What Could It Possibly Be: Differential Diagnosis

Vertigo

Do you have the sensation that you are spinning or that the room is moving around you? That is a classic symptom of vertigo. It is more than a sense of disorientation, and it frequently worsens when you shift your head. This is indicative of some pathology associated with the inner ear or a region of the brainstem that controls balance. BPPV, or benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, is the most prevalent type.

Your inner ear is a complex system of fluid-filled canals. These transmit information to your brain about how your head movements. The minute calcium content in your inner ear becomes mobile upon stimulus thereby indicating malfunctioning and sending erroneous messages to your brain, in BPPV.

It is frequently triggered by the natural disintegration of cells that occurs as people get older. It can also be triggered by a head injury.

When you tilt or swivel your head, you might notice it for a brief moment. Although it is usually not a life-threatening and self-limited condition, BPPV might still necessitate special head movements called the Epley maneuver to restore the correct position of calcium fragments. After one to three treatments, most people feel significantly better.

Infection

Inflamed nerves in your ears can potentially precipitate vertigo. Vestibular neuritis (inflammation of the vestibular nerve exclusively) or labyrinthitis (involves both vestibular and cochlear nerves) are another two possibilities that can induce dizziness. Typically a result of infection, viruses are a much more common causative agent than bacteria, stemming from surrounding middle ear infection or meningitis.

Dizziness frequently occurs suddenly in this case. Your ears may ring (tinnitus) and that hearing will be difficult. You may also experience nausea, a fever, and earache. The signs and symptoms can persist for several weeks.

Circulation

If your brain misses out on a constant flow of oxygen-rich blood, you may feel dizzy or possibly pass out while you change your posture.

Blood clots, clogged arteries, heart failure, and an irregular pulse are some of the causes that can be attributed to reduced blood flow to the brain. Standing suddenly might produce a rapid drop in blood pressure in many elderly people (orthostatic hypotension).

Meniere’s Disease

This illness causes extreme vertigo that can linger for hours. Fullness or pressure in the ear is a commonly reported symptom. Ringing in the ears, hearing loss, and nausea are some of the other associated symptoms. After an intense episode, it is often followed by fatigue.

Meniere’s disease is characterized by an excess of fluid in the inner ear. With an unknown etiology or any curative measures, dietary adjustments (low-salt diet) and symptomatic treatment control dizziness and make the prevention regimen.

Medications

Antibiotics, such as gentamicin, anti-depressants, antihypertensives, or sedatives are some of the medications that can potentially produce dizziness as a side-effect.

If you are dizzy, faint, or lose consciousness, seek medical attention right once with the Best ENT Specialist in Lahore.